Kamis, 28 Maret 2013

Predators world's rarest plants

Although rarely we find all around us but the rat-eating plant is often found in the forests of Indonesia and is one of the rarest plants in the world.

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This unique plant commonly known in Indonesia as Semar Pouch. Is a unique plant that can prey on mice and digested with chemicals it produces chemicals. Nepenthes, also known as "Ketakong" we usually find in the forests of Indonesia. The plant is small enough to be eating animals for rats. But in the Philippines, has been found semar plant bag big enough to gobble up rats rodent kind. Ketakong is called by the name of Nepenthes attenboroughii.

The discovery of this plant originated from two missionaries in 2000 trying to climb mountains Victoria. Mountain, located in palawan, Philippines that includes humans rarely visited. They climbed with little preparation to finally disappear for thirteen days before it can be saved. When they returned, they claimed to see giant semar plant bag.

It is then attracted the attention of nature lovers such as botanists Stewart McPherson and Alastair Robinson of the self as the UK and Volker Heinrich from the Philippines. All three are experts ketakong plants and has traveled to many remote areas of the search for new species

In 2007, they melakukakn espedisi for two months in the Philippines, including mountain climbing Victoria. When climbing through lowland forest, they found a large ketakong plant known as Nepenthes philippinensis, along with pink ferns and blue mushrooms which can not be diindentifikasikan.

Their findings were actually discovered in about 1,600 above sea level altitude. They found lots of great ketakong plants and knew immediately that it was not a recognized species. The new crop is named Nepenthes attenboroughii, taken from the name of broadcaster David Attenborough nature. Ketakong is one of the largest carnivorous plants, and produces spectacular traps which are not only able to catch insects, but also rodents such as mice.

Ciri khas tanaman ketakong biasanya tumbuh dalam jumlah yang besar. McPherson berharap lokasi terpencil dipegunungan yang sulit diakses itu akan mencegah pemburu liar merusaknya. Dalam ekspedisi yang sama, tim juga menemukan ketakong lainnya yaitu Nepenthes deaniana yang sudah tidak terlihat 100 tahun terakhir, Spesimen terakhir dari spesies tersebut hilang dalam kebakaran herbarium pada tahun 1945. Ketika turun gunung, tim masih menemukan spesies baru tanaman sundrew, sebuah tipe tanaman dengan jebakan lengket yang menjadi anggota genus Drosera.